Biogarden Vermio - organic herbs in Veroia (Greece)
Our love and respect to nature as well as taking advantage of the fertile ground and the ideal climate of Vermio, led us to create BioGarden Vermio.
Our goal is to cultivate and produce organic aromatic plants using entirely ecological and traditional methods.
We hope to correspond to the modern consumers’ need to “go back” to quality and pure products and to add an “aromatic flavour” to their daily diet.
Michael Iakovidis and Athanasios Voutsikidis.
Oreganum Vulgare ssp. hirtum
Dioscorides recommended to those who had lost their appetite. The ancient Greeks drank decoction of oregano to cure the spasms of the abdomen and during poisoning. The decoction of oregano is astringent, slightly bitter and therefore traditionally used in cases of diarrhea. The folk medicine of Crete use oregano leaves after being fried in oil Olive as a poultice for rubbing in cases grip mainly waist. Oregano oil also used to toothache. According to Greek mythology, the king of Cyprus had a servant, the Amarako, who dropped a vase of aroma. As punishment, the gods transformed him into oregano. after that, if met to grows near tomb believed that everything was going well for the dead.
It is a perennial herb. Its stem is erect, square, multi-branch, hairy leaves of 30-80 cm instead stalked, oval or oblong, very jagged and white flowers in extreme corymb. Native bushy and uncultivated places all over Greece and grown in a small area. It grows in hilly cool areas and farmland calcareous, poor-rich, irrigated. Multiply in seed sown in seedbed with cuttings and offshoots.blooms June- August. Collect the aerial parts in full bloom. Plant aromatic, medicinal, flavoring and apiarian. The essential oil is used in perfumery and Pharmacopoeia, while the dry peels as a flavoring. Also considered tonic, efstomacho, expectorant, diuretic, laxative, emmenagogue, antipsoriatic and anticonvulsant.
The essential oil of oregano and carvacrol is mainly attributed the following biological activities: allergenic, anesthetic, antialtschaimer, antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, fragrant, fungicides, nematicides, rheumatologic etc.
Since among the incense that burned on the altars in ancient times it was also fresh branches of thyme.The poor in ancient Greece ate an energizing blend of thyme, honey and vinegar while the elderly consume large quantities of tea from thyme to boost the functioning of their mind. The Roman soldiers were taking a bath in water scented with thyme to gain vigor and energy. Pliny in 771 AD recommends compresses on the head with decoction of thyme and vinegar for toning and eliminate headaches. He recommends thyme antidote to snake bites. The Romans burned thyme in their cottages to remove scorpions. Alexander the Great during the great expedition washed with decoction of thyme to remove from the body lice. The 160 century women used to offer a soup with crushed thyme and beer in order to boost the confidence of men. At the same time believed that those who suffered from melancholy heals you every night slept on pillows stuffed with crushed thyme.
Vulgaris Perennial herb. Its stem is strong, upright, square, with a small flock of 15-25 cm, leaves petiolate, opposite, lanceolate-elliptical, the paranthia with white veins and flowers small, pink. Native meadows and heaths of northern Greece. Thrives in cool hilly areas and farmland poor-moderate fertility irrigated. Blooms from May to July. Collect the aerial parts in full bloom. Plant is aromatic, medicinal and apiarian. The aerial parts contain essential oil suitable for perfumery. Considered tonic, anthelmintic and antitussive.
The Cretans used to rub their gums with thyme to treat gingivitis. Today it has been shown after research that gargling with a decoction of thyme have very good results against gingivitis, sore throat and severe cough. Thyme has a very important role: it kills germs. The two essential oils that contains the “thymol” and “carvacrol” impart a special antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic properties. This is the reason which in the past was widely used solution in combination with thyme soap to disinfect hands and tools in surgeries in Europe. The drink thyme helps bowel function and soothes bloating and helps to combat sluggishness and anxiety. Bathrooms Thyme is recommended for those suffering from rheumatism. Thyme poultices for healing wounds, eliminate the itching of insect bites. In Lebanon, the mothers in the morning give children bread, which are smeared onto a mixture of fresh thyme and oil in order to increase their spiritual energy.
A youth elixir, a symbol of beauty and well-being. It is said that it was a gift from Venus to humanity. Rosemary is a bush that has played a major gastronomic and botanical role in the Mediterranean everyday life. In ancient times, it was burnt ritually by the altar as incense during sacrifices. Alpini, the botanist, discovered branches of rosemary in a mummy. They were most probably placed there either due to a ritual or merely for conservation reasons. For centuries, this aromatic shrub with its bladelike leaves was considered a symbol of remembrance with important preservative properties. In Middle Ages it was believed that it only thrives in the gardens of righteous people, that it brings luck and that it protects us from witches and evil spirits. Ancient Greeks used to wear a rosemary wreath during long periods of study. In a botanical book of 1526 that was found in Crete, it is written that rosemary is famous for its power over memory and can be used to cure common cold.
Small evergreen shrub. The rosemary plant is usually erect in growth habit and possesses branched woody stems with tufts of leaves. Its height is of 0,5-1,20m. It has bladelike and opposite, narrow, leathery leaves, which are thick and dark green. The whitish or pale blue flowers grow in short axillary racemes. It is self-seeded in certain parts of Greece and it is cultivated in many areas as an ornamental plant. It thrives in cool, flat or semi-mountainous regions, in rich and poor soil, in xeric and irrigated fields. Rosemary is propagated from cuttings and offshoots. Transplanting takes place in autumn and it blooms all year long. Harvesting (the branches) takes place from spring to autumn.
It is an ornamental plant with pharmaceutical properties, with a savory flavor and it is a beekeeper’s plant. The leaves and the flowers of the plant are used in many recipes and are considered invigorating, good for the stomach, antirheumatic and calming. They also contain essential oil used in pharmacopoeia and in soap manufacture.
The Latin name “salvia” derives from the Latin verb “salvare” meaning to heal. The Chinese had developed a unique system of traditional medicine based upon the use of herbs. During the Middle Ages they used to trade the triple amount of the best quality of tea for a small amount of sage. This indicates that ancient Greek botanists and doctors (Theofrastus, Dioscorides, Hippocrates and others) had very early discovered and appreciated the healing properties of sage. Dioscorides refers to sage as an eye remedy and recommends it for the treatment of bleeding. Romans called it «sacred plant» and recommended it as an antidote for snakebites.
It is a small evergreen subshrub. It has a thick, erect, square, hairy stem, of about 30-60cm height. The leaves are set in pairs on the stem and are oblong or rounded at the end, greyish in colour and softly hairy. The flowers are arranged in bunches of 2-6. It is spontaneously grown in uncultivated or bushy land in many areas of Greece, both in the mainland and in Crete, Kefallonia and other islands. They thrive in semi-mountainous cool areas and in dry and infertile fields with many offshoots. New plantations and transplanting take place in autumn. It blossoms during May-July. The above ground part is collected during May-September.
Sage oil has been widely used by popular medicine as a drastic painkiller for toothaches, the cure of the affections of the mouth, tonsillitis, and also for the rubbing in cases of intestinal colics in Greece and the Balkans. Sage tea is also considered an excellent remedy for the cure of the common cold, sore throat and the flu. It has digestive properties and it is highly serviceable as a stimulant tonic for the debility of the stomach.